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The Victorio Macho Museum

The sculptor Victorio Macho was born in Palencia in 1887 and began his artistic training in the city of Santander. In 1903 he joined the “Escuela de Bellas Artes de San Fernando” in Madrid.

He moved to Madrid where he developed an intense artistic activity, with an interesting legacy of drawings and portraits made during his youth, becaming one of the most important spanish sculptors of the modern era.

In the early twenties he finished some of his masterpieces like the statue of his brother Marcelo, the Monument to “Ramón y Cajal” and “El Cristo de Otero”. He celebrates succesful individual expositions in Madrid, and represents Spain in the XIV edition of the Venetian Biannual .

The Civil War interrupted his career and led him to Valencia, Paris and Russia before settling for a time in America, where he created monuments that will increase his fame. After an extended stay in Lima and his marriage to the young Peruvian Zoila Barrós he returns to Spain in 1952.

Soon after, fulfilling his desire to live in Toledo, he instructs his friend the architect Secundino Zuazo to build his house, museum and workshop in the Tarpeian Rock. Here is where he spends the last stage of his life. He died in 1966, and was buried as he wished at the feet of Christ Otero Palencia.

The Victorio Macho Legacy

The artist after his death gave the Spanish people a very important part of his work and his home in Rock Tarpeya, constituting the Victorio Macho Foundation to manage his legacy. In 1967 the Museum was opened, but many circumstances and problems made it difficult to maintain and in 1984 was finally closed.

After a long and complex process, a way of agreement that led to the merger in 1998 of the Victorio Macho Foundation and the Royal Foundation of Toledo was reached, assuming the latter the foundational aims to establish the sculptor. Result of this process was the rehabilitation of the architectural ensemble of Tarpeian Rock, its adaptation to a new program of uses and the reopening of the Museum.

Rock Tarpeya part of the collection bequeathed by the sculptor, divided into three spaces shown.

In the museum include sculptures such as Self-Portrait at seventeen, Father, the Gypsy Torso, the Danielillo, the Basque Sailor, portraits of figures such as Unamuno, Marañón, Cajal, Passion, as well as sketches of the great monuments that held in Spain and America. An interesting representation of drawings completes the vision of the artist as self-portraits, the number of rural men and female nudes.

In the Crypt, recumbent sculpture of his brother Marcelo, one of his most famous works. Also displayed here terracotta model The Christ of Otero, the Christ of Los Corrales de Buelna, bronze reliefs of the Monument to Grau, and models of monuments.

In the Garden, remain the same works that the artist was exposed and that characterized the traditional image of Tarpeian Rock. Eva highlights the great American and mask and Caryatid on the balustrade.

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